Women's Representation

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Women are 51% of the population in the United States but make up only:

  • 21% of the U.S. Senate
  • 19% of the U.S. House of Representatives
  • 24% of statewide offices
  • 25% of state legislative seats
  • 18% of mayors in cities with populations over 30,000
  • 0% of presidents of the United States!

infogram_0_b7d9a013-add9-4366-bb35-43ad2af85449Rep2020 Historical Total of Female Representatives in Congress//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?M5ztext/javascript

For women of color, the numbers are even worse. Currently 35% of women are women of color. According to Catalyst the majority of women will be women of color by 2050.

In 2017 women of color only make up:

  • 36.5% of the women serving in Congress
  • 9.3% of the women serving in statewide elected offices

CAWP also tracks the partisanship of women officeholders:

  • 5/21 women serving in the U.S. Senate are republican
  • 21/83 women serving in the U.S. House are republican
  • 2/6 women serving as governors are republican
  • 706/1,840 women state legislators are republican

At the current rate of increase in women’s representation, white women Democrats will continue to be over-represented relative to the overall population of women and it will take many, many generations to reach gender parity.

Women serve as mayors in 262 - or 18.8% - of the cities with over 30,000 residents according to the U.S. Conference of Mayors. Women make up 19% of the mayors in the 100 largest cities.

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Statewide Executive Office

Only 6 out of 50 U.S. states have women governors, 12 women serve as lieutenant governors, and 57 women hold other statewide offices such as attorney general or secretary of state.

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Number of women serving: 75 out of 312
Percentage of women: 24%
# of Republicans: 42
# of Democrats: 32
First woman elected in her own right: Ella Grasso (CT) in 1975

infogram_0_for_website_states_that_have_never_elected_a_woman_governorRep2020 States that Have Never Elected A Woman Governor//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?ECQtext/javascript

Fact sheet on women in statewide elective office from the Center for American Women in Politics, Rutgers University.




State Legislatures

Number of women serving: 1,840 out of 7,383 seats
Percentage of women: 24.9%
Number of Republicans: 706
Number of Democrats: 1,112
Number of nonpartisans: 14
Number of independents: 3
Women of color: 438
First women elected: Clara Cressingham, Carrie C. Holly, and Frances Klock - 1894

infogram_0_8ab466b1-010d-4ce0-aab8-845eec8147afRep2020 Percentage of Women in State Legislatures, 1971-2015//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?BKMtext/javascript

infogram_0_8d859155-74cb-482d-80bd-66be0bc8d0e5Rep2020: Women in State Legislatures, By Party//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?Htutext/javascript

Fact sheet on women in state legislatures from the Center for American Women in Politics, Rutgers University.



Number of women serving: 83* out of 435
Percentage of women: 19.1%
Number of Republicans: 21
Number of Democrats: 62
Women of color: 34* (31D, 3R)
First woman elected: Jeannette Rankin (MT) in 1916 

*this number doesn’t include women delegates from Puerto Rico, American Samoa, DC, & the Virgin Islands

Fact sheet on women in the US House from the Center for American Women in Politics, Rutgers University





Number of women serving: 21 out of 100
Percentage of women serving: 21%
Number of Republicans: 5
Number of Democrats: 16
Women of color: 4
Most represented states: CA, NH, WA
First woman elected: Hattie Caraway (AR) in 1932 

Fact sheet on women in the US Senate from the Center for American Women in Politics, Rutgers University

infogram_0_4865b94b-0eaa-499c-ae83-8472ccc64a2cRep2020 U.S. Senate//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?9M4text/javascript




Women in Executive and Legislative Office

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Women in International Politics tracks women’s leadership at the executive level both women heads of state and women mayors around the globe.

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The number of ministerial positions held by women is an important variable given that many women who become heads of state have served in high level appointed positions prior to their selection as head of state.

Click here to see a full list of how countries rank for women’s representation, what type of voting system is used, and whether or not they have a quota.

Visit ipu.org for up to date information on international women's representation.

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infogram_0_women_internationallyRep2020 international 3/3/2016//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?tyktext/javascript infogram_0_4225ab86-0299-43aa-9233-0214b42fccd1Rep2020: Women's representation around the world: US falls farther behind//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?uPqtext/javascript

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