Representation2020 compiles information about the current status of women's representation through research from other organizations as well as through our own original research.
To learn more about our research and to see how each U.S. state ranks in terms of women's representation, check out the 2017 Gender Parity Index
Women of color, Republican women, young women, and low-income women are especially underrepresented.
In 2017 women of color only make up:
In 2017 Republican women only make up:
At the current rate of increase in women’s representation, white women Democrats will continue to be over-represented relative to the overall population of women and it will take many, many generations to reach gender parity.
Data from a fact sheet from the Center for American Women in Politics at Rutgers University (CAWP)
Women serve as mayors in 20 of the 100 largest cities, according to the Center for American Women in Politics at Rutgers University.
Among the largest 100 cities in the United States, the average percentage of women on city councils with only at-large seats is 41% while the average percentage of women on city councils with only single member district seats is 28%.
Only 6 out of 50 U.S. states have women governors, 12 women serve as lieutenant governors, and 57 women hold other statewide offices such as attorney general or secretary of state.
Number of women serving: 75 out of 312
Percentage of women: 24%
Number of Republicans: 42
Number of Democrats: 32
First woman elected in her own right: Ella Grasso (CT) in 1975
Number of women serving: 1,840 out of 7,383 seats
Percentage of women: 24.9%
Number of Republicans: 706
Number of Democrats: 1,112
Number of nonpartisans: 14
Number of independents: 3
Women of color: 438
First women elected: Clara Cressingham, Carrie C. Holly, and Frances Klock - 1894
Number of women serving: 21 out of 100
Percentage of women serving: 21%
Number of Republicans: 5
Number of Democrats: 16
Women of color: 4
Most represented states: CA, NH, WA
First woman elected: Hattie Caraway (AR) in 1932
Mayor: Muriel Bowser (D) has served as mayor since 2015. Sharon Pratt Kelly served as mayor from 1991-1995. She was also the first African American woman to serve as mayor of a major American city
City Council: Four of the District's 13 city council members (31%) are women
Delegate to U.S. House: Eleanor Norton Holmes has served as the District's one non-voting representative in Congress since 1991.
Governor: Sila Calderon served as the first and only woman governor from 2001-2005
Legislature: Fourteen of the 78 seats (18%) are held by women
Mayors: San Juan and Ponce, the largest and fourth largest cities respectively, both have female mayors
Delegate to the U.S. House: Jennifer Gonzalez was elected Resident Commissioner in 2016 and is the first woman to hold the position
Governor: No woman has served as governor of Guam
Legislature: Five of the 15 seats (33%) are held by women. Therese M. Terlaje currently serves as the vice-Speaker
Mayors: Dededo, Tamuning, and Barrigada, Guam's first, third, and fifth largest villages respectively, all have female mayors
Delegate to the U.S. House: Madeleine Bordallo (D) has served as Guam's first woman non-voting delegate since 2003
Governor: No woman has served as governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands
Legislature: Three of 15 seats (20%) are held by women
Delegate to the U.S. House: Stacey Plaskett (D) currently serves as the delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives, starting in 2015. Her predecessor, Donna Christian-Christensen, served from 1997-2015
Governor: No woman has served as governor of the Northern Mariana Islands
Legislature: Three of the 29 seats (10.3%) are held by women. This is the second lowest percent in the country.
Delegate to the U.S. House: No woman has served as the delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
Governor: No woman has served as governor of American Samoa
Legislature: Two out of 39 seats (5.1%) are held by women. This is the lowest of any state or territory in the country
Delegate to the U.S. House: Amata Coleman Radewagen has served as American Samoa's first female non-voting delegate since 2015
The United States ranks behind 100 other countries for women's political representation, according to the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Visit their site to find the most up to date information on international women's representation.
Click here to see a full list of how countries rank for women’s representation, what type of voting system is used, and whether or not they have a quota.
Women attend law school at equal rates as men, but are underrepresented as judges
Out of the 112 justices that have served on the Supreme Court, there have only been four women - three of whom are currently on the bench. Sixty of the 167 active judges currently sitting on the thirteen federal courts of appeal are female (36%), and on several of the individual courts, women constitute less than one quarter of the judges.
These numbers are even worse for women of color
Women of color are less represented than any other demographic group, as their numbers (at the state level) represent a mere 40% of their relative numbers in the general population.
Is representation improving?
When in office, President Obama facilitated significant progress for women judges and more than doubled the number of women of color to federal judicial positions. 46 percent of his nominees to the federal Courts of Appeals were women.
It remains to be seen if this progress will continue through future presidencies, but the current signs do not bode well. President Trump has only nominated 29 judges so far during his tenure, but only one of the nominees is a woman.