Women's Representation

Read More about Representation2020's Gender Parity Index  

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infogram_0_a8eb417c-ac8f-4b3d-ac79-e3f7d3dfcc81Rep2020: Percentage of Women in Congress, 1993-2015//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?GK7text/javascript

Women are 51% of the population in the United States but make up only:

  • 21% of the U.S. Senate
  • 19% of the U.S. House of Representatives
  • 24% of statewide offices
  • 25% of state legislative seats
  • 18% of mayors in cities with populations over 30,000
  • 0% of presidents of the United States!

infogram_0_b7d9a013-add9-4366-bb35-43ad2af85449Rep2020 Historical Total of Female Representatives in Congress//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?M5ztext/javascript

For women of color, the numbers are even worse. Currently 35% of women are women of color. According to Catalyst the majority of women will be women of color by 2050.

In 2017 women of color only make up:

  • 36.5% of the women serving in Congress
  • 9.3% of the women serving in statewide elected offices

CAWP also tracks the partisanship of women officeholders:

  • 5/21 women serving in the U.S. Senate are republican
  • 21/83 women serving in the U.S. House are republican
  • 2/6 women serving as governors are republican
  • 706/1,840 women state legislators are republican

At the current rate of increase in women’s representation, white women Democrats will continue to be over-represented relative to the overall population of women and it will take many, many generations to reach gender parity.

Women serve as mayors in 262 - or 18.8% - of the cities with over 30,000 residents according to the U.S. Conference of Mayors. Women make up 19% of the mayors in the 100 largest cities.

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Among the largest 100 cities in the United States, the average percentage of women on city councils with only at-large seats is 41% while the average percentage of women on city councils with only single member district seats is 28%. 

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Statewide Executive Office

Only 6 out of 50 U.S. states have women governors, 12 women serve as lieutenant governors, and 57 women hold other statewide offices such as attorney general or secretary of state.

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Number of women serving: 75 out of 312
Percentage of women: 24%
# of Republicans: 42
# of Democrats: 32
First woman elected in her own right: Ella Grasso (CT) in 1975

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Fact sheet on women in statewide elective office from the Center for American Women in Politics, Rutgers University.




State Legislatures

Number of women serving: 1,840 out of 7,383 seats
Percentage of women: 24.9%
Number of Republicans: 706
Number of Democrats: 1,112
Number of nonpartisans: 14
Number of independents: 3
Women of color: 438
First women elected: Clara Cressingham, Carrie C. Holly, and Frances Klock - 1894

infogram_0_8ab466b1-010d-4ce0-aab8-845eec8147afRep2020 Percentage of Women in State Legislatures, 1971-2015//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?BKMtext/javascript

infogram_0_8d859155-74cb-482d-80bd-66be0bc8d0e5Rep2020: Women in State Legislatures, By Party//e.infogr.am/js/embed.js?Htutext/javascript

Fact sheet on women in state legislatures from the Center for American Women in Politics, Rutgers University.



Number of women serving: 83* out of 435
Percentage of women: 19.1%
Number of Republicans: 21
Number of Democrats: 62
Women of color: 34* (31D, 3R)
First woman elected: Jeannette Rankin (MT) in 1916 


*this number doesn’t include women delegates from Puerto Rico, American Samoa, DC, & the Virgin Islands

Fact sheet on women in the US House from the Center for American Women in Politics, Rutgers University

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Number of women serving: 21 out of 100
Percentage of women serving: 21%
Number of Republicans: 5
Number of Democrats: 16
Women of color: 4
Most represented states: CA, NH, WA
First woman elected: Hattie Caraway (AR) in 1932 

Fact sheet on women in the US Senate from the Center for American Women in Politics, Rutgers University

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U.S. Territories


infogram_0_us_territories_vs_the_50_states_in_percentage_of_elected_delagates_that_are_womenUS Territories in Comparison to the 50 US States in Terms of Percentage of Female Elected Representatives//e.infogram.com/js/dist/embed.js?1PMtext/javascript


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Press Release   |   Graphic

Mayor: Muriel Bowser (D) has served as mayor since 2015. Sharon Pratt Kelly served as mayor from 1991-1995. She was also the first African American woman to serve as mayor of a major American city

City Council: Four of the District's 13 city council members (31%) are women

Delegate to U.S. House: Eleanor Norton Holmes has served as the District's one non-voting representative in Congress since 1991.


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Press Release  |  Graphic

Governor: Sila Calderon served as the first and only woman governor from 2001-2005

Legislature: Fourteen of the 78 seats (18%) are held by women

Mayors: San Juan and Ponce, the largest and fourth largest cities respectively, both have female mayors

Delegate to the U.S. House: Jennifer Gonzalez was elected Resident Commissioner in 2016 and is the first woman to hold the position



Press Release  |  Graphic

Governor: No woman has served as governor of Guam

Legislature: Five of the 15 seats (33%) are held by women. Therese M. Terlaje currently serves as the vice-Speaker

Mayors: Dededo, Tamuning, and Barrigada, Guam's first, third, and fifth largest villages respectively, all have female mayors

Delegate to the U.S. House: Madeleine Bordallo (D) has served as Guam's first woman non-voting delegate since 2003


U.S. Virgin IslandsArtboard_1USVI.png

Press Release  |  Graphic

Governor: No woman has served as governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands

Legislature: Three of 15 seats (20%) are held by women

Delegate to the U.S. House: Stacey Plaskett (D) currently serves as the delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives, starting in 2015. Her predecessor, Donna Christian-Christensen, served from 1997-2015


Northern Mariana IslandsArtboard_1CNMI.png

Press Release  |  Graphic

Governor: No woman has served as governor of the Northern Mariana Islands

Legislature: Three of the 29 seats (10.3%) are held by women. This is the second lowest percent in the country.

Delegate to the U.S. House: No woman has served as the delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives


American SamoaArtboard_1AS.png

Press Release  |  Graphic

Governor: No woman has served as governor of American Samoa

Legislature: Two out of 39 seats (5.1%) are held by women. This is the lowest of any state or territory in the country

Delegate to the U.S. House: Amata Coleman Radewagen has served as American Samoa's first female non-voting  delegate since 2015 


Women in Executive and Legislative Office

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Women in International Politics tracks women’s leadership at the executive level both women heads of state and women mayors around the globe.

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The number of ministerial positions held by women is an important variable given that many women who become heads of state have served in high level appointed positions prior to their selection as head of state.

Click here to see a full list of how countries rank for women’s representation, what type of voting system is used, and whether or not they have a quota.

Visit ipu.org for up to date information on international women's representation.

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